The article examines the various movements and currents of the proletarian
culture that existed in the USSR in the mid-1920 s. The author argues that despite the fact
that they were quite close to each other in assessing the prospects for the victory
of communism throughout the world, they differed significantly in tactics and means of
achieving the desired goal. Moreover, different currents of proletarian culture eventually
turned into mutually hostile camps that positioned themselves to be the only winners
in ideological rivalry.