German-Russian cooperation in the sphere of security and defense by early 2020-s: reaching the limits?

Trunov Ph.O.

Abstract

The growing activity of emerging powers is one of the key factors of the evolution of global political landscape. Traditionally, this term is used to refer to the rising centers of influence which are located outside the Euro-Atlantic community. Consequently, the article considers Russian foreign policy during the second half of the 2010 s. But there is an exception to such geographical rule of emerging powers` location, which is Germany. The goal of the article is to explore the current state and prospects of Russian-German relations in the sphere of security and defense. The paper identifies three main factors that determine the relationship between Russia and Germany. These are historical memory, Germany’s integration in the Euro-Atlantic community, and its shift towards the role of a global power. In the first case, the paper explores the contribution, including human losses, of the Russian (Soviet) state to the containment of aggression of the German-Prussian state during the Seven Years’` war, World War I and the Great Patriotic war. In the second case, the author shows the limits of bilateral cooperation, which are determined by the Germany’s integration into the Euro- Atlantic institutions. As part of the study of the third factor, the article shows the historically determined importance of late Soviet and Russian support for the success of German efforts in becoming a global power, particularly in 1990–1994 and 2002–2005. The paper confirms the revealed patterns by detailing the improvement of relations in 2017–2019 and their further deterioration. The paper makes a conclusion regarding the prospects of the bilateral cooperation dynamics based on the previously defined cyclic patterns.

Keywords

Germany; Russia; historical memory; cooperation; armed conflicts; Ukraine; Libya; Sochi format; Berlin conference.

DOI: 10.31249/rsm/2022.02.02

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