Implementation of an industrial project during the First Five-year Plan: questions of historiography

Feldman M.A.


The article is devoted to understanding the results of historical research on the implementation of an Industrial project during the first five-year plan. The idea of the first five-year plan was extensive: for the first time in world history, a proportional and balanced development of regional and sectoral potential was planned within the framework of the state plan; a wide range of social programs was defined. The article notes that the awareness of the perniciousness of the socio-economic course during the First Five-Year Plan led the Soviet leadership to believe in the need for a more rational policy. The Soviet economic system that emerged as a result of the «mini-reforms» of 1931–1933 under Stalin (and after him) constantly embodied several important features that were absent in the «command and administrative » model. The comprehension of the events of the first five-year plan was complicated by the constructed mythological space, which included ideological constructs such as «creating the foundation of the socialist economy». Modern historians have managed to identify and reconstruct the mechanisms of the conflict between the state and society during the First Five-year Plan, as a «value conflict between modernization and tradition». However, the ways to minimize these contradictions remain poorly understood, as is the identification of forces capable of solving political and economic conflicts.


five-year plan; plan; USSR; industry; party; economy; plenum; industrialization; mythology; ideology.

DOI: 10.31249/rsm/2022.02.09

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