Geo-economic strategies of Russia, India and China in Central Asia in the new geopolitical realities

Zakliazminskaia E.O.


In 2022, Russia, India and China celebrated the 30th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations with the countries of Central Asia. Over the past three decades, the Central Asian policy of the RIC countries has undergone multiple changes. Now, Russia, India and China are in a new stage of developing relations with the five Central Asia countries. The goal of this study is to identify the features of the geo-economic strategies of China and India in the region in the new geopolitical realities, as well as to determine the role and place of Russia in the changing regional architecture in Central Asia. The conclusions of the study include the following: First, Beijing aims to further increase its economic presence in the region. China is still interested in large-scale imports of raw materials from Central Asia. The construction of infrastructure has been completed, and the volume of deliveries of Chinese cargo along the China-Europe route through Kazakhstan is growing. Beijing intends to transfer «dirty» and excess industrial capacities and build a multilateral dialogue «China + Central Asia» without considering Moscow's opinion. Secondly, New Delhi is making a new attempt to get closer to the countries of the region in a multilateral format. India is determined to tackle the issue of transport decoupling. For economic growth, the country needs an increase in the supply of raw materials and their diversification. However, infrastructure projects in the field of energy resources, electricity and logistics are still not ready. Thirdly, in the economic dimension, the weakening of Russia's positions continues. The integration platforms cannot become an alternative to the Chinese Belt and Road initiative. It seems expedient to draw Moscow closer to New Delhi to reduce the role of Beijing in the region.


Russia, China; India; Central Asia; geoeconomics; geopolitics; EAEU; SCO; Belt and Road Initiative.

DOI: 10.31249/rsm/2022.04.03

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