Trajectory of the Northern Sea Route development: problems and prospects

Stepanov N.S.


The article analyzes the change in the institutional status of the management of the Northern Sea Route (NSR) in the historical aspect of the development of the Arctic. The possibilities of using the route under study not only as a channel for transporting internal resources but also as a transit artery that increases the volume of cargo flows are revealed. The issues of climatic conditions, the specifics of ice and pilotage, and the specifics of state support are discussed. The article highlights the specifics of international cooperation within the INSROP project from the perspective of an integrated approach to the study of the transport system in the specified region, the study and development of which is part of the primary state interests of the Russian Federation, including the militarystrategic importance associated with the defense capability of the state. The forecasts of the authoritative departments of the Russian Federation on the increase in the cargo turnover of the NSR in certain periods up to 2035 and the transformation of this waterway into a globally competitive transport system are given.


Arctic; Northern Sea Route (NSR); cargo turnover; transit; nuclear icebreaker fleet; ice and pilotage; water area; liquefied natural gas (LNG)

DOI: 10.31249/rsm/2022.03.06

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