In today’s world, the problem of «color revolutions» is becoming more and more important, since «forced democratization», along with the massive use of modern political technologies, has evolved to become a tool for interference by certain world powers in the internal affairs of sovereign states. The article discusses the main characteristics of «color revolutions» as a variety of conflict in today’s world. The authors disclose the notion of «color revolutions», describe their technologies and mechanisms, look at the way they are carried out in the post-Soviet space. Emphasized is the idea that the ultimate objective of «color revolutions» lies not in the changes of social systems or forms of ownership but in the replacement of political elites. The study is based on the materials of Russian and foreign authors, publications of Internet-sites and the statements by prominent public figures engaged in international relations. The authors argue that the «color revolutions» do not at all constitute revolutions in the classical sense of the term, as they do not transform the social system or forms of ownership in the country under question, their result most often being only a replacement of political leaders. Characteristically, all of the «color revolutions», excepting the events of the «Arab spring», took place after the presidential elections, the main driving force in them being the most active part of population, including the youth. So the events that took place in a number of post-Soviet and Arab countries should be seen as a specific form of a political coup d’etat with a visible support from abroad.
«color revolutions»; domestic political crises; coup d'etat; political technology; informational confrontation; Ukraina.