The development of green skills and social dialogue: International practices

Pryazhnikova O.N.


The transformation of economic activity and restructuring of economy caused by transition to green economy lead to reduction or liquidation of jobs in sectors that harm the environment. At the same time, spread of sustainable technologies in traditional and new manufacturing sectors creates conditions for growth of green jobs, which drives demand for new green skills. As a result, green skills empower workers to adapt to the sustainable development model that reduces negative impact of human activities on the environment. To effectively assess the needs of the economy in green skills and elaborate programs for skill development, it is crutial to ensure coordination of actions among state, labor market participants and other stakeholders. In many countries this goal is achieved with the help of social dialogue. Social dialogue aimed, in this case, to develop strategy of green skills development serves as a bridge between government bodies, industry associations, employers’ organizations and trade unions. The role of government bodies, the practices of involvement of employers and workers in the social dialogue vary from country to country depending on the characteristics of both national strategies for the transition to green economy and socioeconomic development path. The article attempts to give an overview of current world practices of using social dialogue mechanisms to forecast and develop skills for green jobs. It highlights common features of mechanisms of stakeholders participation in the social dialogue concerning green employment.


green economy; green employment; green skills; social dialogue; trade unions.

DOI: 10.31249/rsm/2021.01.04

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