Foreign trips of Sverdlovsk residents in the 1950s and 1980s as a factor in changing (transforming) the perception of the world

Beklenishcheva M.V.


This article analyzes the impact of trips abroad not on vacation on the perception of the world. The article presents the historiography of trips for non-tourist purposes and describes the source base. Based on a significant number of different documents, the geography of trips abroad is presented, and systematization is proposed for trips (business trips, research internships, and student trips) and their duration. The stages of the trip from preparation to completion were studied. Also organizational aspects of preparation for departure and living conditions abroad are considered. Attention is focused on the variety of options for catering, accommodation, and leisure activities on trips. It was revealed that a significant difference between long and short-term trips was their financial security. It was noted that a long trip abroad is, among other things, an opportunity to improve the material well-being of those who leave. Many people brought goods that were scarce in the Soviet Union. The study showed that many factors influenced the change and even transformation of the perception of the world, including the country of departure, the duration of the trip, the age of the person traveling abroad, living conditions, as well as the amount of money that can be spent. Staying abroad during a business trip could cause positive and negative emotions. During the trip and at the end of it, the perception of yourself, your country, the host country, and third countries could change both positively and negatively. This should be taken into account when studying the historical processes of the second half of the ХХ century.


travel abroad; traineeship; international team; а mission.

DOI: 10.31249/rsm/2021.02.13

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