The author studies the reasons that allowed the militants of the «Islamic
state» to strengthen their positions in the Middle East. The article provides a detailed
analysis of the Iraqi and the Syrian theaters of war and the state of anti-terrorist coalition.
Basing on the existing contradictions between the fighters against the «Islamic state»
the author makes a forecast of the future probable conflicts in the region.
international terrorism, Islamic radicalism, Islamic state, the Syrian crisis.