Institutionalization of Social Responsibility of the State in Russia and Abroad

Kodaneva S.I.


The article is devoted to the actual problem of formation and implementation of socially responsible policy in the Russian Federation. The analysis of the Russian literature, reflecting both the history of the concept of social responsibility and the approaches of domestic scientists to understanding the essence of social responsibility of the state and its various forms of manifestation. It is revealed that modern authors in their studies reflect various aspects of social responsibility of the state, not considering it comprehensively as demanded by the United Nations in the approved 2030 Agenda for sustainable development. The author analyzes foreign literature on various aspects of social responsibility of the state (economic, social and environmental), as well as their reflection in the constitutional law of the European countries, the United States of America, Canada, China and developing countries in Africa. Few countries have constitutionally and legislatively established the social responsibility of the state, which is explained by the widespread traditions of neoliberalism in the world. For example, the United States and Canada pay little attention to the social responsibility of the state, using it exclusively as a political tool. The novelty of this study lies in the proposed integrated approach, in which the social responsibility of the state should not be reduced to the social or environmental component, since only the balanced development of all three components, social, environmental and economic, will ensure the sustainable development of the state. According to the results of the study, approaches to extrapolation of such an integrated approach to the scope and forms of manifestation of social responsibility of the Russian state are proposed. The author, having analyzed the Constitution and legislation of the Russian Federation, having considered the main documents of strategic planning, comes to the conclusion that the lack of constitutional and legislative expression of social responsibility of the state in the Russian Federation leads to the absence of a comprehensive socially responsible policy. Accordingly, activities aimed at solving economic, environmental and social problems are fragmented. In addition, it prevents the implementation of major initiatives in the field of ecology. This lack of complexity leads to an imbalance between the objectives of these three components. This ultimately does not allow for the sustainable development of the country as a whole.


social responsibility of the state; social and economic development; Russian Federation; the Constitution of Russia.

DOI: 10.31249/rsm/2019.03.14

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